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- You can combine several different ideas to base your book around; you don’t have to stick to just one.
- Don’t be afraid to write about something that would probably never happen. Science is the basis, but it is also fiction, so you can stray from the facts a bit. The bigger deal is to make your characters believable.
- Read a lot of sci-fi before you begin, just to get a feel for it. Some good role models for beginners are Madeline L’Engle, Michael Crichton, Garth Nix, Philip Pullman, Margaret Peterson Haddix, and James Patterson. (Note: Some of these authors write in other genres as well as science fiction). For more experienced readers, Frank Herbert, Eoin Colfer, Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke, Orson Scott Card, Steven Baxter and Robert A. Heinlein are suggested.
- Your audience will usually accept one major violation of real-life science. Choose it carefully, and use it to explain all the other fantastic events and technologies in your book. You might even get away with tweaking the laws of physics a bit; the trick there is to create a significant difference, but to do so in a way that current technology wouldn’t spot.
- Don’t feel like you absolutely have to put it in the physical world we know. A lot of sci-fi has been successful within made-up worlds.
- Don’t be afraid to write a parody of the genre. What many people consider the best sci-fi book of all time, the Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, is actually a parody.
- Many science fiction writers think that their main character has to be a scientific super-person. That’s not true. Normal people are okay, too.
- Take inspiration from other writers, but don’t steal their ideas. That might not be technically plagiarism, but after a while of one idea, it gets cliche. Avoid it.
- When you get writer’s block, don’t give up on the story. Give it some time. If you give up, you’ll regret it later.
- Don’t stray too far from science fact. There is a limit to what you can convince people to believe.
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